Can my SMSF hold unlisted investments?
With interest rates at all-time lows and share prices at all-time highs, many SMSF trustees are looking to unlisted investments as an investment opportunity and way of diversification.
As with all SMSF investments, an unlisted investment would need to be permitted by the fund’s trust deed, in line with the fund’s investment strategy and meet the superannuation legislative requirements.
Here are the five of the most asked questions on this topic.
Question 1: I hold shares in an unlisted company that I think would be a great investment to be held by my fund – can my SMSF purchase them off me?
No. This is because the superannuation legislation does not permit a SMSF to acquire an asset from a member unless it is an investment listed on a recognised stock exchange or business real property. As such, only shares listed on a stock exchange can be purchased from a member in the form of an off-market transfer.
Question 2: Can my SMSF purchase an unlisted investment which is related to me?
Depends. The answer will depend on whether it is an investment in:
- a company – a related company is where a fund member or their Part 8 Associates controls the company either under the
- “sufficient influence” test; or
- if the member / associates separately or as a group, have a majority voting interest (ie. over 50%);
- a trust – a related trust is where a fund member or their Part 8 Associates controls the trust if
- the member / associates separately or as a group, have a fixed entitlement to more than 50% trust income or capital; or
- the member / associates have influence over the trustee / majority of trustees; or
- the member / associates have the power to remove the trustee.
Where an unlisted investment is deemed a related investment, it is an inhouse asset (unless it’s specifically exempted from the definition of an inhouse asset) and if exceeds 5% of the fund’s assets at any time of the year, the fund is in breach.
Question 3: Can my SMSF lend money to an unrelated trust or company?
Depends. If the loan is to an unrelated third party, it is possible however there are strict rules that need to be adhered to. For example:
- is the loan permissible by the fund’s trust deed?
- does the loan satisfy the fund’s sole purpose test?
- is it part of the fund’s investment strategy?
- is the loan at arm’s length and are the loan terms on a commercial basis?
Question 4: The auditor is requesting proof the unlisted investment is at arm’s length and not an in-house asset – what documentation would I need to provide?
The fund auditor will require written evidence that the unlisted investment has been acquired at arm’s length and not an inhouse asset of the fund. This could include (but not limited) to the following: copies of the company’s constitution or the trust deed; ASIC company search to confirm the officeholders and shareholders of the company and any holding or subsidiary companies; and the loan agreement.
Question 5: My administrator has asked for a market value as at 30 June but as it’s an unlisted investment, so how can I value it?
SMSFs are required to value their investments at their market value at the end of each financial year as part of their reporting obligations. But as unlisted investments do not have a statutory requirement to prepare accounts on a market basis, this can cause difficulties when trying to attribute a market value to them. The auditor will need to sight written evidence that proves the market value of the unlisted investment – examples of this includes copies of financial statements including evidence the underlying assets are valued at market value; a share / unit price based on recent sales or purchases between unrelated parties; written verification from a director of the company or trustee of the trust who is not a related party of the SMSF.